Fonsie Mealy Auctioneers

The Old Cinema,
Chatsworth Street,
Castlecomer,
Co. Killkenny,
R95 XV05,
Ireland.

PSRA Registration No: 001687

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Lot 478/0224

SOLD Hammer price: €900, Estimate: €1000-1500

4.
Important Documents, Truce & Treaty

A collection of important documents relating to the Anglo-Irish Truce and Treaty, which presumably evidently came into Gen. O’Duffy’s hands as Army Chief of Staff and / or his membership of the Supreme Council of the I.R.B. including:
a. A three page cyclostyled document marked SECRET, end of Sept. 1921, unsigned but giving the views of the (British) General Officer Commanding-in-Chief [General Macready] for communication to Commanders of all (British) formations and units, ‘to study and think over.. so that they can be prepared to face somewhat new conditions should the Conference now taking place (i.e. the Treaty talks) “fail to bear fruit” and active rebellion break out again.
The memo states that ‘three months ago the Rebel organisation throughout the country was in a precarious condition, and the future from the Sinn Fein point of view may be said to have been well-nigh desperate (sic). The Flying Columns and active service units.. we’re being harried and chased from pillar to post.. the internment camps were rapidly filling up the Headquarters of the I.R.A. was functioning under the greatest difficulty.. Such were the conditions on the 11th July, and it is small wonder that the rebel leaders grasped at the straw that was offered and agreed to negotiations accompanied by cessation of activities on both sides.’ It goes on to describe extensive I.R.A. recruitment during the Truce, the arrival of a number of Thompson sub-machine guns and the organisation of machine-gun squads. ‘Such a weapon cannot be ignored, and plans must be made’ (to deal with them). ‘Cases will probably occur which will admit the employment of weapons on our side which have not hitherto been used in Ireland, such as field guns, trench mortars and bombs from aeroplanes..’
A rare and most interesting document.
b. Scheme for City and County Authorities in Connection with Defence of Ulster. Typescript document, carbon copy, 4pp, outlining what are essentially provisions for a military government of the Ulster counties, to provide for ‘the defence of Ulster from hostile invasion.’ With a covering letter from (?) Sally Flood addressed to Prime Minister, Min. for Home Affairs, City Commandant, etc., another rare and remarkable document, apparently mid-1921.
c. Military Travel Permits. Instructions for Civil Police in Ireland, dated 1 Oct. 1921, 2pp cyclostyled, marked Confidential, for use of Police only.
d. The Organisation and the New Political Situation in Ireland. Statement (issued to I.R.B. members) by order, Supreme Council (I.R.B.), January 12th, 1922. One age, cyclostyled typescript. This is the I.R.B.’s second statement on the Treaty, repeating its original view that the Treaty should be ratified, but pointing out ‘in order to avoid misrepresentation’ that the first statement was issued only for the information of T.D.’s who are members of the organisation, and they were free to act as they wished in the matter of voting for or against the Treaty. A rare document, who influence on the Treaty debate is still a matter for discussion.
e. Murders in North-East Ulster. An important T.L.S. on Dail notepaper form R. Ua Maolcatha, Aire Chosanta (signed initials) to ‘Ceann Fuirinne’ (Chief of Staff, ie. Eoin O’Duffy), stating that ‘the Government’s policy in connection with the murders occurring subsequent to the Pact is that they shall press for an Inquiry into these, up to the breaking point,’ and that it is essential to re-establish communication at once with the British Military Border Commission, and asking O’Duffy to instruct Ward (Dr. Conn Ward) accordingly, etc., an important letter.
* A very important Collection. (1)

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